Charles I was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649. His belief in the Divine Right of Kings set off a struggle for power with the Parliament. Religious conflicts permeated Charles' reign. He selected a Catholic wife, Henrietta Maria, over the objections of Parliament and public opinion. After serious confrontations, the Civil War began, ending with his capture, trial for treason, and execution. The monarchy was overthrown.
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was such an important figure in world history that the years from 1800-1815 are generally known as the “Napoleonic Era.” He divorced Josephine and in 1810 married Marie Louise, daughter of the Austrian emperor. As an emperor in his own right, Napoleon intended to found a dynasty. To do that, he had to have a son, whom his second wife provided. The boy was called “the King of Rome” but only lived into his twenties and died of tuberculosis in Vienna.
Robert E. Lee. The personification of the perfect Southern gentleman. Lee may not have been the greatest of the generals but his charisma made him a hero to his armies and an American icon. In the War Between the States, both sides awarded him the highest regard.