Frieze of Archers | My Flickr site... This decorative frieze of polychrome glazed brick shows an army, the men carrying spears, bows and quivers. Are they the royal guards of Darius I (522–486 BC), whom Herodotus called “the Immortals,” or might they represent an idealized image of the Persian people? Louvre Museum. Paris
Map of the Persian Achaemenid Empire and the section of the Royal Road noted by Herodotus, c. 5th century BCE | The Persian Royal Road was an ancient highway reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) of the Achaemenid Empire in the 5th century BC. Darius built the road to facilitate rapid communication throughout his empire.
Traditionally Greek, Latin and Sanskrit were considered the closest languages to PIE, and much of the reconstructed Aryan proto-language is based on them. Modern Lithuanian, however, is the most archaic living language, closer to the original Aryan speech than any other. There is even an IE language, Tocharian, attested in Chinese Turkestan, which indicates that Aryans must have made an appearance in the Far East, a long-standing piece of linguistic evidence which has been recently confirmed…
Persia was the greatest empire that the ancient world had yet seen. At one time, Assyria had controlled the southern portion of the Middle East, but they were conquered by the Medes. The Medes were famous warriors, feared by all Greeks. But the Persians had conquered Media... History of Western Civilization E.L. Skip Knox Boise State University
These are two coins of the standard imperial coinage introduced by Darius during his time as King of Persia. Other reforms during Darius's rule include the division of the empire into satrapies that could be governed more easily, and the revision of the Royal Road System. By improving this trade network, trade across the empire became much easier, as did communication.