John Shippen became the first African-American to compete in the second U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills, where he worked as a caddie, at the age of 17. Some of the professional players threaten to boycott the event when they discover his race, but back down when USGA President Theodore Havemayer defends Shippen and another entrant, Shinnecock Indian Oscar Bunn. Shippen ties for sixth and wins $10. He goes on to play in five more U.S. Opens. He worked as the head professional at Shady Rest…
"Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher 1948 Ada Lois Sipuel When denied admission on the basis of race, Fisher filed a suit asserting that she must be admitted to the OU Law School since there was no comparable facility for African American students. Losing in state courts, Marshall argued the case before the Supreme Court which reversed the lower courts in 1948"
Thomas Nelson Baker, Sr., who was born into slavery in 1860, received a Ph.D. in philosophy in 1903 from Yale University, the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. in philosophy anywhere in the U.S., and the first former slave to do so. (No other African-American earned a Ph.D. in philosophy from Yale until 1946!).
Oldest Buffalo Soldier dies at 111 By Washington Post reporter Joe Holley September 15, 2005 WASHINGTON -- Retired 1st Sgt. Mark Matthews, 111, one of the last of the nation's legendary Buffalo Soldiers, died of pneumonia Sept. 6 at Fox Chase Nursing Home in Washington. Sgt. Matthews, who also was the oldest Buffalo Soldier, was heir to a proud military heritage that originated with the black soldiers who fought in the Indian wars on the Western frontier.
Dr. Marie Daly was a trailblazer in the field of biochemistry, and was the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in Chemistry. Daly was a pioneer in researching the connection between high cholesterol and heart disease.
Jesse Russell is an African American inventor whose innovative perspectives profoundly influenced the wireless communication industry. He’s know for his patented invention of the Digital Cellular Base station that enabled new digital services for cellular users. As a top honor student at Tennessee State University’s School of Engineering , he became the first African American to be hired directly from an HBCU, historically black college and university.
Dr. May Edward Chinn (April 15, 1896 – December 1, 1980) was an African-American woman physician. She was the first African-American woman to graduate from Bellevue Hospital Medical College and the first African-American woman to intern at Harlem Hospital. In her private practice, she provided care for patients who would not otherwise receive treatment due to racism or classism.