Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American woman to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,
17 Stunning Images of Black Women During the Harlem Renaissance Era
Lottie Campbell, c.1888. I would date this to the late 1880s because of the tail bodice, a style dating back to around 1883 but which remained popular until the 1890s. If you look at the back of the bodice, you can see it has tails that extend all the way down to the hem of the skirt. Fingerless gloves. Her hat looks like it has skyscrapers on it, which is probably not right but awesome.