The house of Cliveden was the seat of the Duke of Buckingham, who was the second most powerful man in the kingdom of England (after the king of course) back in 1666. He used it as a retreat for entertaining friends and mistresses. The house burned down twice over the years but was restored each time, lastly in 1893 by Viscount William Waldorf Astor, an avid lover of the Renaissance.
I totally can't believe how many people loved this tree trimmed like this. Because in CA. anyone who loves gardening does this a LOT to their trees here. I guess it's not all that common everywhere else?