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Melon is a summer annual plant that grows on the surface of the ground; it is a member of the squash family. It was first cultivated in Egypt and India, where it is mentioned in the medical books of the Ayurveda. From there it was brought to the Mediterranean region. It is one of the most important summer fruits because it contains a high ratio of water (90-93 percent). It quenches thirst and hydrates the body.