Sultan Haider Ali Father of Tipu Sultan, showing the Geneology of Tipu Sultan, India. Tipu Sultan (TheTiger of Mysore) November 1750 to May 1799 was the ruler of the Sultanate of Mysore. He was the son of Hyder Ali, at that time an officer in the Mysorean army, and his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-Nissa. During Tipu's childhood, his father rose to take power in Mysore, and Tipu became rule of the kingdom upon his father's death. In 1799 he was murdered by the British.
"The Reception of the Mysorean Hostage Princes by Marquis Cornwallis" by Robert Home (1793) at the National Army Museum, London - From the curators' comments: "During the 3rd Mysore War (1790-1792), a British force under Lieutenant-General Lord Cornwallis, Governor-General of India, besieged Tipu Sultan, ruler of Mysore, in his fortified island capital of Seringapatam. Tipu eventually made peace by ceding a large part of his dominions and a substantial financial settlement to the British."